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Mosquitoes can be a nuisance during warm weather, especially when our region experiences warmer-than-usual winters and heavy spring rains. There are a number of measures city residents can take to limit mosquito breeding and potential exposure to the West Nile virus, a disease of birds transmitted to humans and animals through the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected after feeding on infected birds. People bitten by an infected mosquito may become ill within 2 to 14 days with flu-like symptoms, including fever, headache, joint pain, muscle pain, and occasionally nausea and vomiting. Often they experience sensitivity to light and inflammation of the eyelids. Some may have a rash.
1. Mosquitoes lay their eggs on standing water. Eliminate standing water on your property in birdbaths, small pools, animal dishes, etc.
2. Use commercial repellents when outside. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends sprays or lotions that contain the EPA-recommended products DEET, Picaridin, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD, or IR3535.
3. Wear long sleeves and pants when possible, especially during the morning and evening hours when mosquitoes are most active.
4. Mosquitoes are more attracted to bright clothing. When outside, wear earth tones, khaki, or neutral tones.
5. Mosquitoes are more attracted to bright clothing. When outside, wear earth tones, khaki, or neutral tones.
6. Mosquitoes are attracted to body odor and sweat. Stay clean to avoid attracting unnecessary attention.
7. Female mosquitoes feed on flower nectar when not trying to reproduce. Avoid sweet-smelling fragrances in soap, shampoo, and lotions.